Periodontitis Treatment: A Comprehensive Guide to Healthy Gums

The Basics of Periodontitis

Periodontitis, a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone supporting your teeth, can lead to tooth loss or worse, increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other health problems if left untreated. Understanding the treatments for periodontitis is crucial for anyone looking to maintain or restore their oral health. This blog will explore the various periodontitis treatments, from early-stage interventions to advanced procedures, offering hope and a pathway to healthier gums.

Periodontitis is caused by bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate on your teeth and gums. As the immune system fights the infection, the gums become inflamed, leading to the destruction of the tissue and bone that support the teeth. Symptoms include swollen, red, bleeding gums, bad breath, and in severe cases, loose teeth or tooth loss.

Non-Surgical Treatments for Periodontitis

Professional Dental Cleaning

Regular dental check-ups and cleaning are the first line of defense against periodontitis. During these visits, your dentist or dental hygienist will remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line (scaling) and smooth rough spots on the tooth root where germs collect (root planing).

Scaling and Root Planing

This deep-cleaning, non-surgical procedure is performed under a local anesthetic. The plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line are scraped away (scaling), and rough spots on the tooth root are made smooth (planing). Smoothing the rough spots removes bacteria and provides a clean surface for the gums to reattach to the teeth.


Antibiotics can be used to help control bacterial infection. They may be in the form of mouth rinses or gels applied directly in the gum pockets after scaling and root planing, or as tablets or capsules to take orally.

Surgical Treatments for Advanced Periodontitis

Flap Surgery (Pocket Reduction Surgery)

For patients with advanced periodontitis, flap surgery might be necessary to remove tartar deposits in deep pockets or to reduce the periodontal pocket itself, making it easier for the patient and dentist to keep the area clean. This involves lifting back the gums and removing the tartar. The gums are then sutured back in place so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth again.

Bone and Tissue Grafts

In addition to flap surgery, your dentist may suggest procedures to regenerate any bone or gum tissue lost to periodontitis. Bone grafting, where natural or synthetic bone is placed in the area of bone loss, can help promote bone regrowth. Techniques like guided tissue regeneration and the use of tissue-stimulating proteins can also encourage your body’s natural ability to regenerate bone and tissue.

Lifestyle Changes and Home Care

Effective treatment of periodontitis requires good oral hygiene practices and lifestyle adjustments. This includes:

  • Brushing at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
  • Flossing daily to remove plaque between teeth
  • Using an antiseptic mouthwash to help reduce bacteria that cause plaque and gingivitis
  • Quitting smoking, which can contribute to gum disease

The Role of Your Dental Professional

Your dentist or periodontist will customize your treatment plan based on the severity of your gum disease. Regular visits for professional cleanings and monitoring of your oral health are essential to preventing the progression of periodontitis.

Conclusion: Embrace a Future of Healthy Gums

Periodontitis is a formidable opponent in oral health, but with the right treatment plan, it is manageable and often reversible in its early stages. By combining professional dental care with diligent home hygiene, you can fight periodontitis and maintain healthy gums. If you suspect you have periodontitis, don’t wait. Contact your dental professional today to begin your journey back to oral health and well-being. Prioritizing your gums means prioritizing your overall health.


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